International transfer of minors

Written by

Pablo Bruera

lawyer

Updated to the FIFA YEAR 2020 regulation

Last edition: 02/17/2020

Mail : derechosdelfutbol@gmail.com

Whatsapp: +54 9221 618-7294

"International transfer of minor players in soccer"

Introduction

The purpose of this work is to analyze the FIFA regulations and their evolution, in relation to the international transfer of minors, as well as its modifications and jurisprudence. Ask who are the beneficiaries, direct and indirect, by the rules of the International Federation of Soccer Association (FIFA) and the jurisprudence of the TAS (Arbitral du Sport court). Likewise, it is worth asking who are the victims of these regulations.

In this framework, it is appropriate to analyze possible reforms that, without altering the spirit of FIFA in relation to the protection of minors, make the regulations more flexible. We anticipate that these changes, in our opinion, came to solve a serious problem in soccer, but it has also damaged opportunities for minors who can improve their quality of life.

The work incorporates the new reform of the RETJ (Regulation of the statute of transfer of the player) 2020 in relation to the subject

Last situation

  • Movie

The movie "Black Diamonds", written and directed by Miguel Alcantud, shows the heartbreaking situation in which thousands of children were involved as a result of an unscrupulous implementation of child trafficking in soccer. The film recounts the lives of two African children who, with aspirations to play in Europe, leave their family to pursue a dream: to play in the first category of a European team. However, what appears to be a great opportunity, ends up being a tragedy.

The life of these two African children is a reality that affected hundreds of Asian, Latino, and other latitudes.

  • Cases

In the case of Argentina, different cases can be reported in this regard. One of these cases is that of Luis “La Pulga” Rodríguez, a legendary player of the Club Atlético Tucumán and a benchmark for that institution, currently in Colon de Santa Fe.

Rodríguez was taken to Europe at the young age of 14 by a group of soccer representatives. Once arrived at the old continent, the young player was rejected by the club in which he was tested. Faced with this situation, Rodríguez was -literally- abandoned on the street, without lodging, food, or family, nor did he have a ticket to return home.

This reality can be compared to one of the scenes of the film previously mentioned, where a boy is abandoned in a train station after his rejection by a soccer club.

FIFA changes

FIFA, at the request of UEFA (Union of European Football Associations), made radical changes to its regulations to end this scourge that seemed to become an epidemic.

From the inclusion of the reform until now, FIFA has been making numerous amendments in order to prevent the spirit of the rule from being violated through simulations and falsifications.

RETJ: art. 19

1. International player transfers are allowed only when the Player reaches the age of 18 years.

2. The following three exceptions are allowed:

a) If the player's parents change their address to the country where the new club

It is based for reasons not related to football.

b) The transfer is made within the territory of the European Union (EU) or

From the European Economic Area (EEA) and the player is between 16 and 18 years old

Old. The new club must meet the following minimum obligations:

i. Provide the player with adequate football training or training that corresponds to the best national standards.

ii. In addition to football training or training, guarantee the Player academic or school training, or training and Education and training according to their vocation, which allows them to start a non-football career in the event that they cease their professional player activity. .

iii. Take all necessary provisions to ensure that the Player is assisted in the best possible way (optimal living conditions in a family or in a club accommodation, made available to a Tutor in the club, etc.).

iv. In relation to the registration of the player, he will provide the corresponding association with proof of compliance with the aforementioned obligations

c) The player lives in his home at a distance of less than 50 km from the National border, and the club of the neighboring association is also at a distance of less than 50 km from the same border in the neighboring country. The maximum distance between the player's home and that of the club will be 100 km. In such case, the player must continue to live in his home and the two associations in question must give their consent.

3. The conditions of this article will also apply to any player who has not previously been enrolled in any club and who is not a native of the country in which he wishes to enroll for the first time and who has not lived in that country in an uninterrupted manner for the last five years minimum.

4. APPROVAL OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE DESIGNATED BY THE PLAYER STATUS COMMISSION All international transfers pursuant to section 2, all first Registrations pursuant to section 3, as well as the first registrations of foreign Minors who have lived continuously for at least the past five years in the country where they wish to register, they are subject to the approval of the subcommittee designated by the Player Status Commission for this purpose. The request for approval must be submitted by the Association that wishes to register the player. The previous association will be given the opportunity to present its position. Any association requesting the CTI Expedition and / or making the first registration must first request this approval. The FIFA Disciplinary Commission will impose sanctions in accordance with the FIFA Disciplinary Code in the event of any violation of this provision. Likewise, sanctions may be imposed not only on the association that has not addressed the subcommittee, but also on the association that issued the CTI without the approval of the subcommittee and on the clubs that have agreed to the transfer of a minor.

5. The procedure for applying to the subcommittee for any first registration and international transfer of minors is described in Annex 2 of these regulations. 19 bis Registration and notification of the presence of minors in academies

1. Those clubs that operate an academy with which they have a legal, de facto and / or economic relationship must notify the presence of Minor players who attend the academy to the association in whose territory the Academy carries out its activity.

2. Each association must ensure that academies that do not have a legal, de facto and / or economic relationship with a club:

a) become a club that participates in the corresponding national championships; The presence of its players must be notified to the Association in whose territory the academy carries out its activity;

o Players must be enrolled in said club; O well

b) notify the presence of all underage players, who attend the academy for the purpose of obtaining training, to the Association in whose territory the academy operates.

3. Each association must keep a register with the names and dates of birth of all the minor players that have been notified by clubs or academies.

4. By notifying the names of their players, both the academy and the players agree to play soccer in accordance with the FIFA Statutes and to observe and share the ethical values ​​of the sport of organized soccer.

5.

The FIFA Disciplinary Committee will impose sanctions in accordance with the Code

Disciplinary of FIFA in case of any violation of this provision.

6.

The art. 19 will also apply to the notification of underage players

They are not citizens of the country in which they want their presence notified.

Compliance with the standard by European clubs

 

In general, the European clubs did not have a favorable reaction regarding these reforms since they emptied the quarries that nurtured the professional teams and future transfers that generated succulent profits.

Only with harsh sanctions has FIFA been able to stop the migration of minor players from the various developing countries of the world to European clubs.

Needless to say, with this reform, players like Lionel Messi (whose withdrawal clause is 700 million euros) could not have emigrated to Europe since the new regulations expressly prohibit this type of transfer.

Penalties for European clubs

The Barca case

The investigation into said club was caused by the omission of Club Barcelona regarding FIFA's recommendations regarding South Korean player Lee Seung Woo. Based on the analysis of that case, an investigation began that detected nine other minors in an irregular situation in the farmhouse. However, the club was able to show that some of those cases were legal.

The case of the player Lee Seung Woo began on February 5, 2013, when FIFA communicated to the club an anonymous complaint for the irregular incorporation of the player. In the same act, FIFA establishes the prohibition for said player to play until he is 18 years old since he was not registered with the corresponding Federation.

It is worth noting that Lee Seung Woo was never able to play in the first category of Club Barcelona. However, he was able to sign a contract with the Club Verona of Italy that belongs to the A series of Calcio.

Futbol Club Barcelona ignores the FIFA recommendations to regularize their situation in the farmhouse. FIFA decided to sanction said club with the prohibition of making signings within two seasons.

On August 19, 2014, FIFA sanctions the club for failing to comply with FIFA regulations regarding the registration of minor players. Notwithstanding this sanction, The Club was empowered to renew expiring contracts, unsubscribe players and recover players on loan.

Against this the Club files an appeal in the TAS, the Court rejects such appeal and confirms the sanctioning decision of FIFA. One of the grounds provided by the court is that the Club had not attempted to regularize the situation.

Barca had six serious cases. However, it was able to demonstrate that three of them had been in accordance with current regulations.

 

The case of Real Madrid

The Club Real Madrid had eight serious cases, in relation to minors, sanctioned by FIFA. However, the entity was able to verify that six of said cases had been within the current regulations.

The FIFA sanction is based on the Club Real Madrid had not requested permission to register players under the age of eighteen.

Although the FIFA sanction is equal to that of Barcelona, ​​the TAS - in the face of the Club's appeal - decides to reduce the sanction for prohibiting new signings from two seasons to one. The argument offered by the Court was that Real Madrid's conduct had differed from that of Club Barcelona, ​​since the Madrid club had tried to regularize the situation at all times.

 

Valencia CF is being investigated by FIFA

This club at the time of writing this article (03-16-2018) has an ongoing investigation by FIFA in three cases:
A) kangin Lee: This player was born in 2001 in Icheon, South Korea, his parents settled in Europe and live in Pucol. Before transferring the player, he had won a talent contest that was looking for the Korean Messi, but in 2011 he made a test in the sports city of Paterna and convinced the coach.
Lee was not a soccer player (he had no previous federation record), so there was no transfer and he lived 20 km away. From sports facilities.
According to the club, Kangin's transfer occurs for extra-football reasons and he has been provided with an adequate educational environment and has been fully assisted, fully training him as a person. As of today he competes in youth A and the subsidiary.
The club has sent to FIFA as evidence:
1) Registration certificate.
2) Home address of the player and his parents.
3) A document signed by the parents explaining the reasons why they are living in Europe.
4) Employment contract.
5) Documentation of economic support.
6) Work permit.
B) Wanda Project
For the club it is a purely educational and training project. Around 30 Chinese boys were training for 1,2, and 3 years learning soccer and receiving academic classes.
Valencia argues that the only contract that was made was between the club and the company responsible for the Wanda project and that it can be compared to a summer camp.
The club did not process any competitive license. All the children finished their training and returned to their country.
C) Ferghat Coalan:
This young Turk had a training contract since he was 14 years old and several European clubs disputed it for millions.
This young promise was captured for the Valencia school in the summer of 2013 and currently plays in cadet A.

FIFA will investigate Chelsea for the signing of Traoré

Forward Bertrand Traoré, signed in the summer of 2017 by Chelsea, from Lyon in exchange for 10 million euros, was not of legal age when the English team recruited him from Burkina Faso in 2010 for 460,000 euros, so he could be sanctioned by FIFA.

The FIFA integrity department reportedly proposed a sanction of four market windows on Chelsea for non-compliance with regulations on the international transfer of minors.

Chelsea, in addition, would have breached the regulations with the signing of 19 players, including 14 minors transferred illegally.

Chelsea officially registered the arrival of Traoré in 2014, when he was 18 years old (he was born on September 6, 1995), but the press revelations led FIFA to open an initial investigation, closed due to lack of evidence in 2013 .

But later it was demonstrated that the player had participated in October 2011, at the age of 16, in a match against Arsenal under-18.

Finally, Chelsea admitted having acquired an option on the player through his mother, when the footballer was 15 years old.

At the time, FIFA has already punished Barcelona, ​​Atlético de Madrid and Real Madrid for failing to comply with international transfer regulations.

FIFA sanction against Chelsea

Finally, this club has been sanctioned with a fine of prohibition of transfer during two markets by FIFA, not being able to incorporate players until the summer of 2020.

The disciplinary commission sanctioned him for a total of 29 cases in which he violated article 19 of the RETJ related to the international transfer of minors. The original investigation had been by 92 players in addition to committing other irregularities in the records and violating article 18 bis of the RETJ with the agreements it made with other clubs.

Chelsea have 90 days to regularize the situation for the minors.

In addition to not being able to make transfers in the next two transfer windows, he was fined 600,000 Swiss francs.

Chelsea position

The club strongly criticized this sanction and anticipated that it will exercise its right to appeal this decision, finding itself "extremely disappointed." Chelsea FC categorically refutes the findings of the FIFA disciplinary committee and therefore appealed the sanction. The club wishes to emphasize the important work done by FIFA in relation to the protection of minors already fully cooperated with FIFA throughout the investigation. Chelsea acted in accordance with the relevant regulations and will shortly present its appeal to FIFA¨.

Surely, also, he will find the solution to the punishment in the footballers who have given a loan and will ask them to return (there are 42 players in those conditions).

The sanction does not apply to women's soccer and futsal.

FIFA'S SANCTION TO IDSEA CHAMPASAK DE LAOS. April 2018

This club was fined 690,000 Swiss francs, about $ 707,000 for being found guilty of violating the regulations on the international transfer of minors.
FIFA investigated the case of Liberian footballers and the Idsea CHampasak of Laos for more than three years.
FIFA indicated that Lao FA violated article 19 of RETJ, as they never obtained the international transfer certificate, but allowed them to play in the country's league.
In 2015, 22 children from Liberia went to Laos, under an academy program, but the story was a hoax, since the minor players lived in subhuman conditions and 17 of the 22 minors decided to return, in less than 2 months.
The children lacked medical assistance, ate poorly, slept on the floor, had their passports withheld, and were illegal immigrants, among other atrocities.
Both the BBC and FIFPRO echoed the situation and denounced that the African children were transferred to Laos.

Analysis of regulations

Article 19 of the RETJ prohibits the transfer or first registration of minors under the age of 18 with some exceptions. However, through simulation or complicity of federations, clubs, associations, etc. In many cases, the ban was circumvented. Due to this situation, FIFA had to add some amendments that have been in force since 2009.

  • General principle

Minors under the age of 18 cannot be transferred.

  • Exceptions

  1. The player's parents change their address and fix it at the place where the new club is based for reasons not related to football.

 

 

The jurisprudence adds the exception of the minor's removal for study reasons, although for a certain time. Another exception that is incorporated in a praetorian manner is that of the agreements between clubs and associations and transfers to them the responsibility for compliance with the rule.

Interest protected by the standard

The primary purpose of FIFA rules is to protect minor players. Although they are the direct beneficiaries, the training clubs are also favored. This indirect protection is due to the fact that the new regulations prevent minor players from emigrating to play soccer until they are 18 years old, this benefits the training clubs since the players play longer in the club, thus enabling greater capital benefits for the clubs .

Violation of the rule

Repeated attempts have been made to circumvent this rule, arguing that family migration was due to the parents' new job or one of these. However, this reality has been revealed in certain cases. Examples:

  1. Brian Sarmiento case: the former student of Estudiantes de La Pata (Argentina) was hired by Club Racing de Santander (Spain), simulating that previously the father had gotten the job of designer. However, the Student Club was able to demonstrate that the player traveled before the father and that the player earned a salary that was ten times that of the father. Once this was proven, the judge rejected the registration of a young Sarmiento because he understood that the father followed the son, thus subsuming himself in the established prohibition.

  2. Carlos Javier Acuña case: the young Acuña was a player at the Olimpia Club in Paraguay and was transferred to the Cádiz club in Spain as a minor. The mother argues that she has found a job in a restaurant in Cádiz, but the Paraguayan soccer federation refuses to issue the CTI because she understands that it is the mother who follows the son and not vice versa.

  3. Midtjylland case: This Danish club generated a cooperation agreement with the Nigerian club Ebedei under which the latter transferred minor players to Denmark. There, the minors were educated. The FIPRO denounces to FIFA and the TAS resolves that in the case none of the exceptions to article 19 are given, therefore said situations are strictly prohibited.

 

2009 reform

As of October 2009, there is a new version of the RETJ that reinforces the prohibition by adding the fourth numeral to article 19. The international transfer of minors or the first registration of a minor player now requires the approval of a FIFA subcommittee which is the Player Status Commission. Registration must be requested by the association that wishes to register the player and the old club can oppose it. Finally, this number 4 adds sanctions to associations and / or clubs.

In other words, the transfer of minors leaves local orbit to take over FIFA through this subcommittee.

Art. 19 bis

This article establishes that soccer academies (soccer schools, camps, training center) must notify the presence of minors to the Association of the territory of the academy.

New exceptions

  1. Now, it includes not only the work of the two parents, but also the work of one of them in case they had custody, or in the case that they are the legal guardian for the death or withdrawal of custody of the parents.

  2. The case that the minor player is an exchange student abroad (for a limited time)

  3. Minor player registering for the first time and who has lived continuously for at least five years in the country where he intends to register. This operation is subject to the approval of the FIFA subcommittee.

  4. Circular of 3/3/2017: it only applies to amateur players belonging to amateur clubs. In these cases, no approval request is required. FIFA is interested in subsequent registrations so that no attempt is made to violate the general protection of minors.

  1. “Valentin Vada” case

Valentín Vada is a young Argentine born on March 6, 1996 with Italian nationality (that is, a citizen of the European Economic Community). At 15 years old, in 2011, the French club FC Girondines de Bordeaux requested his international transfer, arguing that the exception contemplated in art. 19 number 2 of the RETJ. The same verse: "Due to parents moving for reasons other than soccer." However, FIFA and TAS deny such transfer.

In 2012, Valentine (16 years old) signs a training agreement for the minor with the new club and they ask FIFA for the transfer because they are 16 years old and have European nationality. The FIFA subcommittee denies this transfer, arguing that it was not a transfer within the European Union since it took place from Argentina to France and the FIFA regulations said nothing regarding nationality, it only referred to territoriality. However, the TAS revoked the measure.

At first, Vada tried to take advantage of article 19 number 1 but in December 2011 the TAS ruled against denying the license to play in the French club since the club confirms that the reality is that the cause of the family's move was It was due to soccer reasons and not by virtue of the work of the parents (prohibited situation).

However, on March 7, 2012, Valentine turns 16 and the Girondines Club and the Vada family signed a study, accommodation and maintenance agreement. Thus, the inclusion is requested by article 19 number 2 of the Regulation since the child was 16 years old and Italian nationality. The sole judge of FIFA again refuses registration, arguing that the child played in Argentina, that is, the transfer was from Argentina to France and not within the European Community.

The Vada family appeals to the TAS, who rules in favor of enrollment. In order to decide thus, the Court adduces:

  1. The principle of free movement of workers within the European Union and its economic space can be damaged.

  2. FIFA itself acknowledges the existence of other exceptions to article 19.

Thus, the TAS revokes the refusal of FIFA and authorizes the international transfer of the Argentine club (Proyecto Crecer) to the French club Girondinos de Bordeaux.

The Crecer Project is linked to the Newells Old Boys Club in Rosario, which has signed a collaboration agreement with the Girondines under which outstanding players can continue their careers at the French club.

This precedent is very relevant since it implies a change in the criteria of the TAS regarding the second numeral of article 19 of the Regulation. Thus, the territoriality thesis is abandoned to subscribe to the nationality thesis.

Benjamín Garré case

Manchester City was not penalized at the request of the Argentine club Vélez Sarsfield since this player was 16 years old and had a community passport at the time of his transfer. By virtue of this, the exception is met.

Official position of the cub Velez Sarfield.

 

Benjamín A. Garre was registered federally in favor of Vélez Sarsfield on October 1, 2010.

 

On 06/22/2016, that is, when the player was 15 years old, Manchester City made an economic proposal for the transfer of the player.

 

On 06/23/2016, said offer was strictly rejected by Vélez because it violated and violated Art 19.1 of the Regulations on the Statute and Transfer of FIFA Players (RETJ), which provides that international transfers of Players are authorized only when the player reaches the age of 18 years.

 

Four (4) days later, Vélez Sarsfield sent a letter document to the minor's legal representative, informing him of the institution's wishes to sign the first employment contract as soon as the player reached 16 years of age, that is, when he was of age that the Labor Contract Law allows. In turn that same day (06/27/2016), the minor obtained the Italian passport.

 

Days later and in view of the refusal of our Institution regarding the transfer offer, the player flies to Italy and - without responding to the Document Letter or notifying Vélez Sarsfield - on July 11, 2016, that is, the same day that he fulfilled the 16 years old, celebrates contract with the English club.

On August 2, 2016, the Football Association requests the approval of the international transfer of the player by invoking the exception stipulated in Art. 19.2 (b) of the Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players of FIFA, the terms of which express : 19.2 The following three exceptions are allowed: The transfer is made within the territory of the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA) and the player is between 16 and 18 years of age. The new club must meet the following minimum obligations: i. Provide the player with adequate football training or training that corresponds to the best national standards. ii. In addition to football training or training, guarantee the player academic or school training, or training or education and training according to their vocation, which will allow them to start a non-football career in the event that they cease their professional player activity. . iii. Take all necessary measures to ensure that the player is assisted in the best possible way (optimal living conditions in a family or in club accommodation, provision of a tutor in the club, etc.). iv. In relation to the player's registration, he will provide the corresponding association with proof of compliance with the aforementioned obligations.

 

On August 9, 2016, Vélez Sarsfield questioned and opposed the transfer, since -among other arguments- it was not taking place "within" the territory of the European Union as expressly established by the exception invoked by the Club English.

However, on August 24, 2016, the Sole Judge of the Subcommittee on the FIFA Player Statute, decided to approve and accept the transfer request of the minor in favor of Manchester City, considering that he was a player of Italian nationality and that The logic of the exception in paragraph 2 (b) of Article 19 of the RETJ is to ensure and respect the free movement of workers prescribed by European Legislation.

On December 12, 2016, Vélez Sarsfield filed an appeal against the decision of the FIFA Sole Judge, and on July 3, 2017, a hearing was held at the TAS. From that date the case was at the Court's resolution until the day of the sentencing. In the middle of this period, more precisely in the month of February 2018, Vélez Sarsfield complied with an additional payment for advance of costs requested by the TAS, awaiting a fair resolution and having had all its legal tools available since the beginning of the litigation. to defend the interests of the institution.

Observations:

This resolution is very serious for the future of South American clubs, naturally trainers and exporters of soccer players. In this way, the institutions are prevented from signing the first sports employment contract with the best talents, when they are from the community, or failing that we must compete in adverse economic conditions against the powerful European clubs.

The Lauisina Sports Arbitration (TAD) court has rejected the Argentine club's complaints in the same way that FIFA had.

Manchester City proved that Garré had an Italian passport and could move when he turned 16.

XII Ecuadorian children who come to River

The first instance sentence is from the year 2015. The amparo filed by the representatives of Ecuadorian minors is declared declaring the unconstitutionality of art. 19 of the FIFA RETJ, asking the AFA to refrain from applying said rule in this case, and allowing children to compete in official competitions in this country

The Judge decides that although the children are Ecuadorians, they have a temporary residence in Argentina with a national identity document. According to international treaties, the treatment of these minors must be equal to that of an Argentine citizen and that any act that omits this equality is discriminatory.

Ecuador as of 2011 is an Associated State to MERCOSUR and there the equal rights of all its signatories are established.

Minors have been in Argentina since 2015, with the consent of their parents and the physical and technical fit to play soccer. The players come from the Sport Point School in Ecuador, which has a collaboration and training agreement with the River Plate club in Argentina. Likewise, the North Club of Mar Del Plata had shown interest in the players.

On August 22, 2017, the Civil and Commercial Appeals Chamber, Chamber III, of Mar Del Plata, pronounced judgment in cars' CQ, WA and others against AFA and others on amparo, confirming the judgment of first instance.

The AFA's arguments were that the River club never asked to enroll the children and also that it is not the AFA who should be sued. He maintains that the request for registration must be made in the FIFA Player Status Subcommittee.

The Chamber's arguments confirming the first instance ruling is that art. 19 of the FIFA RETJ because Ecuadorian children should be given the same treatment as an Argentine child and not be treated as a foreigner, therefore it is not an international transfer.

XIII THE CASE OF BENTACOUR AT THE BOCA JUNIORS CLUB

The Boca Juniors club requests authorization from FIFA to register the 15-year-old Uruguayan player.

FIFA rejects the registration, maintaining that the case does not fit into any of the exceptions to the prohibition of minors under 18 years of age.

Boca appeals to the TAS who gives the reason, taking into account the interest of the minor and the spirit by which the ban was sanctioned.

That is, the empowerment of the minor, in this case, protected his interest and promoted his development, for which the TAS authorizes the registration so that the minor player can play in the Argentine club.

In the particular case, the panel stated that when the RETJ talks about the name “parents”, it is logical to argue that it also does so to the player's stepmother, since the mother had died and his father had remarried, constituting a new family.

Although the legal and fiscal domicile of the player's father was in Uruguay, it was possible to prove that the minor and his family spent most of the time in Buenos Aires, where the minor lived.

In this case the court spoke of the concept of "life center", which as we said could be proved to be in the Argentine capital.

Geographical proximity and historical-linguistic-cultural heritage helped the panel to make this decision.

The award refers to FIFA circular 769 that seeks to protect the child and prevent abuse, having a protective environment for the interests of the child.

This ruling has allowed Bentacour to develop successfully in the Argentine club and then successfully continue his sports life in Italy.

New reform to the RETJ 2020

The new regulation incorporates two new exceptions to the general rule of prohibiting international transfer before the age of 18:

"The player must flee the country of which he is natural for specifically humanitarian reasons that endanger his life or liberty because of his race, religion, nationality, belonging or a certain social group or because of his political position, without his parents and therefore it is allowed to reside at least temporarily in the destination country. "

In other words, the humanitarian cause is incorporated, being broad and the situation must be analyzed on a case-by-case basis.

The other exception that is incorporated is:

"The player is a student and temporarily moves to another country without his parents, for academic reasons to participate in an exchange program. The duration of the player's enrollment in the new club until he turns 18 or until the end of the academic or school program may not exceed one year. The player's new club may only be an exclusively amateur club without a professional team or legal, de facto and / or economic relationship with a professional club "

This situation is expected for minors who travel without their parents, being able to continue playing soccer, which is quite logical.

Another important point in the reform is that reference is made between minors who would have turned 10 and those who had not.

In the first case, the routine procedure must be followed, approving the request through the subcommittee designated by the player's statute commission.

In the event that the minor has not reached the age of 10, it is the Association in which the player wants to enroll that must control that the requirements and exceptions provided in the regulations are met and will be responsible for ensuring compliance.

In our opinion, it would be much more accurate for FIFA to be in charge of regulating this procedure without distinguishing between those over the age of ten.

The new full text is as follows:

"19 Protection of minors

1. International player transfers are allowed only when the player reaches the age of 18 years.

2. The following five exceptions are allowed:

a) If the player's parents change their address to the country where the new club is based for reasons not related to football.

b) The transfer is made within the territory of the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA) and the player is between 16 and 18 years of age. The new club must meet the following minimum obligations: i. Provide the player with adequate football training or training that corresponds to the best national standards (see article 4 of annex 4). ii. In addition to football training or training, guarantee the player academic or school training, or training or education and training according to their vocation, which will allow them to start a non-football career in the event that they cease their professional player activity. . iii. Take all necessary measures to ensure that the player is assisted in the best possible way (optimal living conditions in a family or in club accommodation, provision of a tutor in the club, etc.). iv. In relation to the player's registration, he will provide the corresponding association with proof of compliance with the aforementioned obligations.

c) The player lives in his home less than 50 km from the national border, and the neighboring association's club is also less than 50 km from the same border in the neighboring country. The maximum distance between the player's home and that of the club will be 100 km. In this case, the player must continue to live in his home and the two associations in question must give their consent. SAW. International transfers of minors 27

d) The player must flee the country of which he is natural for specifically humanitarian reasons that endanger his life or freedom due to his race, religion, nationality, membership of a certain social group or his political position, without his parents and, therefore, it is allowed to reside at least temporarily in the country of destination. e) The player is a student and temporarily moves to another country without his parents for academic reasons to participate in an exchange program. The duration of the player's enrollment in the new club until he turns 18 or until the end of the academic or school program may not exceed one year. The player's new club can only be an exclusively amateur club without a professional team or legal, de facto and / or economic relationship with a professional club. 3. The provisions of this article will also apply to any player who has not previously been enrolled in any club and who is not a native of the country in which they wish to enroll for the first time and who has not lived in that country uninterruptedly for the last five years minimum. 4. The following general procedural principles will apply: a) All international transfers pursuant to section 2, all first registrations pursuant to section 3, as well as the first registrations of minor foreign players who have lived continuously for at least five years in the country where they wish to register, are subject to the approval of the subcommittee appointed by the Player Status Commission for this purpose if the minor player in question has reached the age of ten. The request for approval must be submitted by the association that wishes to enroll the player at the request of its affiliated club. The previous association will be given the opportunity to present its position. Any association that requests the issuance of the CTI and / or make the first registration must first request this approval. b) If the minor player in question has not reached the age of ten, the association that wishes to register the player - at the request of its affiliated club - will be responsible for verifying and ensuring that, without a doubt, the player's circumstances are strictly adhered to according to the exceptions stipulated in section 2 of this article or the five-year rule (see sections 3 and 4 a)). Such checks should be made prior to enrollment. SAW. International transfers of minors VI. International transfers of minors 28 c) In special circumstances, member associations may submit a request in writing to the subcommittee through the transfer correlation system (TMS) granting a limited exemption for minors ("ELM"). In case it is granted, the ELM will exempt the member association, in accordance with specific terms and conditions and only for amateur minor players who are going to be enrolled in exclusively amateur clubs, from the obligation to submit a formal request for approval through the TMS before the subcommittee, in accordance with section 4 a) above and annex 2 of these regulations. In that case, before requesting the CTI and / or the first registration, the association in question must check and make sure that, without a doubt, the player's circumstances correspond to any of the application exceptions stipulated in section 2 of this article or in the five-year rule (see sections 3 and 4 a)). d) In accordance with the FIFA Disciplinary Code, the FIFA Disciplinary Commission will impose sanctions in any case of violation of this provision. Likewise, sanctions may be imposed, if applicable, on the association that issued the CTI without the prior approval of the subcommittee and on the clubs involved in the transfer of a minor. 5. The procedure for applying to the subcommittee for all first registration and international transfer of minors is described in Annex 2 of these regulations. "

Article 19 of the RETJ in Spain. Resolutions of the superior council of sport.

On December 4, 2018, the president of the sports superior council, María José Rienda, takes a resolution that questions the substance of article 19 of the RETJ.

In this case, the minor in question was not a foreigner, but was Spanish and could not play soccer in his own country.

The boy was born in the state of Florida in the United States, but his mother was Spanish; There he played soccer at an academy but it was not affiliated with the United States Soccer Federation.

At 16, the boy went to live in Mallorca at the maternal aunt's house. The minor is registered with the CDAB, which asked the federation of the Balearic Islands for registration; this in turn, transfers the RFEF, and this requests authorization from FIFA.

The Balearic club alleges the exception of article 19 section 2 (Transfer of parents for reasons unrelated to football). In April 2018, the FIFA player statute subcommittee rejected the application for registration of the minor because it understood that the delegation of custody over a minor to a relative does not fit into said exception.

In August, another club, the CFAR reapplies for registration via the third exception of Article 19 (Five years of having lived continuously in the country you want to register).

In this case, said federation rejects it inlimine.

Before this an appeal is filed before the sports superior council, which accepts the minor's registration.

The appeal was based on the fact that the child was not a foreigner, but was Spanish (for being the son of a Spanish mother). It is denounced that the constitutional mandate of article 14 is violated "Spaniards are equal before the law".

The higher sports council said that demanding another requirement such as those of article 19 of the RETJ contravenes article 14 of the national constitution of Spain, since it places Spanish soccer players in a situation of worse right after having lived abroad.

In other words, the CSD severely questions the legality of article 19 of the RETJ in Spain since any minor who wants to play in Spain at an amateur level and comes from abroad may do so without being prevented by FIFA or the RFEF, provided that the minor Be Spanish or legally reside in Spain.

We wonder if this also applies to professional clubs; In our opinion, no Spanish club will want to suffer the serious sanctions they have received for having minors outside the exceptions of article 19.

Prescription in the FIFA disciplinary code version 2019

10. Prescription of offenses

1. Listed below are the statute of limitations for offenses:

a) two years for infractions committed in matches.
b) ten years for anti-doping rule violations (defined in the FIFA Anti-Doping Code), violations related to international transfers of underage players and match manipulation.
c) five years for the rest of infractions.

IX Conclusions

 

The regulations have collaborated to combat the scourge of international child trafficking in soccer. It has been very efficient in stopping attempts to evade it.

We have seen throughout this work that with the application of this regulation, minors benefit directly and also training clubs indirectly.

Despite its effectiveness with regard to the eradication of the scourge mentioned above, in certain cases the rule is very strict - and sometimes even unfair - in cases of minor players who could successfully continue their career in Europe as minors without violating the spirit of FIFA. This would be the case in which the clubs agree and the families and the minor consent, provided that the training requirements are met and the integrity of the minor is protected. In this sense, a reform to the current regulations that considers and respects the rights of children enshrined in different international treaties, should be encouraged. This is because it is possible to improve not only the minor's professional career, but also his quality of life and that of his entire family. Thus, it could be said that despite this regulation seeks to protect the rights of the minor, many times its rigidity can violate the minor's right to a better quality of life.

Another criticism that goes beyond the scope of this work but is worth noting is that the norm is discriminatory. This discrimination occurs in two ways. First, because the rule only refers to players belonging to the European Economic Community and says nothing about other communities or bilateral agreements. Thus, for example: the transfer of a 16-year-old Argentine player to Brazil is prohibited, but the transfer of a player of the same Spanish age to another country in the European Community is allowed. The second discrimination occurs with respect to players who have the nationality of a country belonging to the European Economic Community from those who do not. In this case the example would be: a 16-year-old Argentine player with European nationality who plays for a local Club can be transferred without legal inconvenience to a club in the European Union, but the same transfer would be prohibited for an Argentine player of the same age and from the same club without said nationality. However, these transfers should be treated in the same way since both transfers take place from an Argentine club to a European club, without special consideration to the player's nationality.

Annexed

Regulations on the Statute and Transfer of Players

Procedure governing the request for the first registration and the international transfer of minors (art. 19, par. 4)

1) Principles: The requests for first registration of minor players in accordance with art. 19, sec. 3 and the international transfer of minor players in accordance with art. 19, sec. 2 must be carried out and managed through the TMS.

2) Without prejudice to the following provisions, the Rules of Procedure of the Player Statute Commission and the FIFA Dispute Resolution Chamber shall apply to the approval procedure. Any minimum difference that may occur as a result of the computerized process is reserved.

3) Obligation of member associations

1. All member associations are obliged to examine the "Minors" tab in the TMS at regular intervals of a maximum of three days and to check in particular any queries or requests that they express their position.

2. The member associations will fully assume responsibility for procedural damages resulting from non-compliance with section. 1.

4) Composition of the subcommittee

1. The subcommittee appointed by the Player Status Commission is made up of the chairman and vice-chairman of the Player Status Commission, as well as nine members. Annex 2 43

2. Given the urgent nature of the corresponding requests, as a general rule all the members of the subcommittee will issue resolutions as sole judges. However, the subcommittee may also issue resolutions with three or more members.

5) Conduct during the procedure

1. All parties involved in the procedure will act in accordance with the principle of good faith.

2. All parties involved in the process are obligated to tell the truth to the subcommittee. Sanctions may be imposed on any association or club that provides inaccurate or false data to the subcommittee or abuses the use of the TMS for illegitimate purposes. The FIFA Disciplinary Committee will impose sanctions in accordance with the FIFA Disciplinary Code in case of infringements, such as falsification of documents.

3. The subcommittee may resort to all the means at its disposal to guarantee compliance with these principles.

4. FIFA TMS GmbH will investigate matters related to the obligations of the parties set out in this annex. All parties agree to collaborate in clarifying the facts. Specifically, within a reasonable time, they must respond to any request for documentation, information or any other material of any nature that is in their possession. Likewise, the parties must comply with the obtaining and provision of documentation, information or any other material of any nature that is not in their possession but that they have the right to obtain. Failure to comply with requests from FIFA TMS GmbH may lead to sanctions by the FIFA Disciplinary Committee.

 

5 Initiation of the procedure, presentation of documents

1. The responsible association will request in the TMS the approval of the first registration (art. 19, par. 3) or of the international transfer (art. 19, par. 2). Requests regarding the aforementioned that are made by other means will not be met.

2. According to the facts of the case, the request presented by the association in the TMS will be compulsorily accompanied by documents from the following list:

  • Copy of a document certifying the identity and nationality of the player

  • Copy of a document certifying the identity and nationality of the player's parents

  • Copy of a document certifying the player's date of birth (Birth Certificate)

  • Player employment contract

  • Player's parents' employment contract / other documents showing the reason chosen

  • Player's work permit

  • Player parent's work permit

  • Copy of a document certifying the player's residence

  • Copy of a document certifying the residence of the player's parents

  • Academic training documentation

  • Soccer Training Documentation

  • Accommodation / care documentation

  • Parental authorization

  • Proof that the 50 km distance rule is followed

  • Proof of consent of the opposing association

  • Request for approval of the first registration / international transfer.

3. In the event that a mandatory document is missing, or if an official translation or confirmation is not presented pursuant to art. 7, the applicant will receive the corresponding Notification through the TMS. The applications will only be processed if all the obligatory documents have been presented, or if all the official translations or confirmations have been entered correctly in accordance with the provisions of art. 7.

4. The applicant may attach to the application other documents that he deems necessary. The subcommittee may require other documents from the applicant at any time.

6) Posture, omission of a posture

1. In relation to the request for approval of an international transfer, all non-confidential documents will be made available to the previous association in the TMS, and said association will be invited to express its position within seven days. through TMS.

2. The previous association may also present any document that it deems relevant through the TMS.

3. In the event that a position is not expressed, the subcommittee will decide based on the documents at its disposal.

 

7) Language of the documents:

If a document is not available in one of the four official languages ​​of FIFA, the association will present a copy of the document in one of the four official languages ​​of FIFA or an official confirmation from the association concerned summarizing the relevant facts of each document. in one of the four official languages ​​of FIFA. In the event of delay, the subcommittee shall have the right to reject said document, subject to the provisions of art. 5, sec. 3.

8) Deadlines

1. Legally binding deadlines will be set through the TMS.

2. The introduction of petitions in the TMS must be carried out no later than the last day of the established period that corresponds to the time zone of the place where the respective association is located.

9) Notification of decisions, legal recourse

1. The subcommittee will legally notify its decision to the respective Association (s) through the TMS. At the time it is uploaded to the TMS, the notification will be considered effective and binding.

2. The associations in question will be notified of the operative part of the decision. At the same time, the association (s) will be informed that, within a period of ten days from the date of notification, they may request, in writing through TMS, the full basis of the decision; otherwise, the decision will be considered firm and binding. If an association requests the Full basis, the decision will be supported in writing and the Association (s) will be notified in full through the TMS. The period to file an appeal shall begin from the date of notification of the reasoned decision.

 

GUIDE FOR THE APPLICATION OF A MINOR PLAYER

 

 

 

Protection of minors - "Guide for the application of a minor player"

Administrative procedure regarding first registration applications and the international transfer of minors

 

According to art. 19 pair. 1 of the Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players (hereinafter: the Regulations), as a principle, the international transfer of a player is allowed only when the player reaches the age of 18

However, there are certain exceptions to this rule, as highlighted in art. 19 pair. 2 of the Regulations, as well as the five-year rule (cf. art. 19 par. 3 and 4 of the Regulations) and the relevant jurisprudence (cf. below), which are considered exhaustive.

 

The same principles will also apply to any minor player who has not previously been registered in any club and who is not a native of the country in which he wishes to register for the first time (cf. art. 19 par. 3 of the Regulations).

 

In accordance with art. 19 pair. 4 of the Regulations, all international transfers pursuant to paragraph 2, all first registrations pursuant to paragraph 3, as well as the first registrations of foreign minors who have lived continuously for at least the past five years in the country where they wish to register, are subject to the approval of the subcommittee designated by the Player Status Commission (hereinafter: the subcommittee) for this purpose. The request for approval must be submitted by the association that wishes to register the player.

 

The following “Guide for the application of a minor player” that explains in detail the relevant documents to provide in an application, depending on the different individual circumstances surrounding the international transfer of a minor player. If a document is not available in one of the four official languages ​​of FIFA, the association will present a copy of the document in one of the four official languages ​​of FIFA or an official confirmation from the association concerned summarizing the relevant facts of each document. in one of the four official languages ​​of FIFA.

 

The “Guide for the application of a minor player” also indicates the specific situations where the limited exemption from the general obligation to submit applications for the approval of the subcommission within the meaning of art. 19 pair. 4 of the Regulations (cf. FIFA Circular No. 1209 and FIFA Circular No. 1576) could, if granted, be used by an association to register junior players for purely amateur clubs, ie clubs without a professional team and without legal, economic or de facto relationship with a professional club.

 

In relation to the existing jurisprudence, to date, the competent decision-making bodies have granted, only on limited occasions and with extreme caution, exceptions not included in art. 19 of the Regulations to very specific groups of minor players. In particular, the subcommittee has occasionally accepted applications, under very strict situations, in which: 1) the minor player has moved to another country without his parents due to humanitarian reasons and his return to his country of origin could not be foreseen due to that his life or freedom would be threatened for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a social group or political opinions (unaccompanied refugee player); or 2) the minor's academic or school education was clearly the main reason for the player's temporary international transfer without his parents and the maximum duration of the player's registration with the relevant club did not exceed one year until he turned 18 or until the culmination of the exchange program (exchange student player).

 

The practical application of the relevant provisions of the Regulation related to the protection of minors by the competent decision-making body, on a case-by-case basis, and within the aforementioned exhaustive scope, ie exceptions according to art. 19 pair. 2 of the Regulations, the 5-year rule and jurisprudence regarding unaccompanied refugee players and exchange student players, is of utmost importance to enable FIFA to prevent discrimination and unfair treatment of minor (foreign) players. At the same time, only a strict and consistent application of the relevant provisions, within the scope described above, can ensure the achievement of the objective, that is, the protection of minor players.

 

As a consequence, all applications for the approval of the first registration or international transfers of a minor (foreign) player, must clearly and in detail indicate the specific circumstances regarding the situation of the respective minor player and must also contain the relevant documentation that supports application.

 

Finally, please take into consideration that this information is of a general nature and, therefore, is without prejudice. Given the fact that the FIFA administration is responsible for the investigation of the facts of each case, only the competent bodies of FIFA, in casu, the subcommittee, can issue a decision based on the specific circumstances of each application. Accordingly, the "Guide to the Application of a Minor Player" is intended solely as a guide to the administrative application process, but may not prejudice any decision made by the subcommittee.

 

Zurich, February 16, 2018

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including start and end date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. Proof of birth date must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. The document certifying the residence of the player's parent (s) must be recently issued and must indicate the start date of residence in the new country.

  5. The distance between the player's home and the club's headquarters, calculated in terms of "route traveled", should not exceed 100 km. The distance between the player's home / club headquarters and the respective closest common border, calculated in terms of "straight line" (straight line distance from one point to another), should not exceed 50 km.

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including start and end date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. Proof of birth date must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. The document certifying the residence of the player's parent (s) must be recently issued and must indicate the start date of residence in the new country.

  5. Either divorce decree (if applicable) or authorization of the non-moving parent allowing the player to reside in the new country with the parent moving to this country / with the resident parent.

  6. The distance between the player's home and the club's headquarters, calculated in terms of "route traveled", should not exceed 100 km. The distance between the player's home / club headquarters and the respective closest common border, calculated in terms of "straight line" (straight line distance from one point to another), should not exceed 50 km.

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including start and end date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. Proof of birth date must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. The document certifying the residence of the player's parent (s) must be recently issued and must indicate the start date of residence in the new country.

  5. Either divorce decree (if applicable) or authorization of the non-moving parent allowing the player to reside in the new country with the parent moving to this country / with the resident parent.

  6. The distance between the player's home and the club's headquarters, calculated in terms of "route traveled", should not exceed 100 km. The distance between the player's home / club headquarters and the respective closest common border, calculated in terms of "straight line" (straight line distance from one point to another), should not exceed 50 km.

  7. It will be provided in place of the documents normally provided under the categories "Employment contract of the player's parents or other documents that demonstrate the chosen reason" and "Work permit of the player's parents".

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including start and end date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. Proof of birth date must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. The document certifying the residence of the player's parent (s) must be recently issued and must indicate the start date of residence in the new country.

  5. The distance between the player's home and the club's headquarters, calculated in terms of "route traveled", should not exceed 100 km. The distance between the player's home / club headquarters and the respective closest common border, calculated in terms of "straight line" (straight line distance from one point to another), should not exceed 50 km.

  6. It will be provided in place of the documents normally provided under the categories "Employment contract of the player's parents or other documents that demonstrate the chosen reason" and "Work permit of the player's parents".

* Or documentation regarding the player's legal guardian, if applicable.

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including start and end date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. Proof of birth date must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. The document certifying the residence of the player's parent (s) must be recently issued and must indicate the start date of residence in the new country.

  5. The distance between the player's home and the club's headquarters, calculated in terms of "route traveled", should not exceed 100 km. The distance between the player's home / club headquarters and the respective closest common border, calculated in terms of "straight line" (straight line distance from one point to another), should not exceed 50 km.

  6. It will be provided in place of the documents normally provided under the categories "Employment contract of the player's parents or other documents that demonstrate the chosen reason" and "Work permit of the player's parents".

* Or documentation regarding the player's legal guardian, if applicable.

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including starting date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. The birth proof must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. Copy of the decision made by the competent national authority granting the minor's parent (s) the status of refugee (s) or "protected person (s)" or, alternatively, official confirmation issued by the competent national authority, corroborating that the minor's parent (s) have been accepted to start the procedure to obtain the right of asylum, as well as a copy of their permission (s) ) of temporary residence in the host country.

  5. The document certifying residence must be recently issued and must indicate the date of commencement of residence in the new country.

  6. Declaration issued by the football association of the player's host country indicating whether the club in which the player wishes to be registered is professional or merely amateur (club without a professional team and without legal, de facto and / or economic relationship with a club professional).

* The reason "The minor player moves for humanitarian reasons with his parents" is not an additional exception born from jurisprudential criteria of the exceptions contained in the Regulation, but rather a situation that falls, in principle, under the scope of the art. 19 pair. 2 a) of the Regulations. Notwithstanding the foregoing, applications based on the reason "The minor player moves for humanitarian reasons with his parents" need to be treated separately to ensure adequate protection for the minor players and their families .

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including starting date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. The birth proof must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. Documentation regarding academic training must include a statement, signed and stamped, issued by the relevant academic provider confirming the player's enrollment, the degree or qualification the player will receive upon completion of the course, the player's estimated graduation date, and a table containing the player's class schedule, which clearly indicates the days on which the class takes place and its duration.

  5. Such as a confirmation, signed and stamped, issued by the club that wishes to register the player verifying that the club will provide the player with accommodation, establishing the address of said accommodation, as well as the name of the family or person (s) that will provide (n) the accommodation.

  6. Proof of adequate football education and / or training that corresponds to the best national standards requires the submission of the following documentation and information:

    • for male players, the club formation category (cf. art. 4 par. 1 and 2 of Annex 4 of the Regulations); for female players, a statement from the association involved confirming that the requesting club is "in line with the best national standards" of women's football training in this country;

    • the player's weekly soccer training program (must include the day and duration of each training session);

    • a statement by the club that you wish to register the player specifying the club team to which the player will belong.

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including starting date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. The birth proof must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. The document that certifies the residence must be recently issued and must indicate the start date of residence at the current address.

  5. The distance between the player's home and the club's headquarters, calculated in terms of "route traveled", should not exceed 100 km. The distance between the player's home / club headquarters and the respective closest common border, calculated in terms of "straight line" (straight line distance from one point to another), should not exceed 50 km.

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including starting date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. The birth proof must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. Proof of residency must be recently issued and must indicate the player's current residence date and address. Alternatively, the association may present the player's school certificates, duly signed and recently issued by the relevant academic institution, in the event that they clearly indicate that the player has been part of said institution for the last 5 years.

  1. The birth proof must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  2. Either official identification or passport.

  3. Official information of the exchange program (name, object, financing, duration, etc.) provided by the organizers of the exchange program.

  4. Copy of the registration form to the exchange program in question signed by the minor player and / or his parents.

  5. Confirmation, issued and signed by the organizers of the exchange program or the parents of the minor player, indicating that the minor player will return to their country of origin once the program is completed.

  6. Confirmation, issued and signed by the academic institute (school / college) of the minor player in the host country, indicating the planned dates of duration of the studies and containing a detailed class schedule of the player.

  7. Confirmation issued by the player's academic institute in their country of origin confirming the player's participation in the academic program in question.

  8. Detailed information regarding the supervision and accommodation of the minor player during the exchange program, including, in particular, the exact name and address of the player's host parents.

  9. Declaration by the association of the host country of the minor player indicating whether the club with which the player wishes to be registered is professional or merely amateur (club without a professional team and without legal, de facto and / or economic relationship with a professional club ), as well as the exact start and end date of the planned player registration.

  10. Written consent issued by the host parents of the minor player granting his authorization for the player to be registered with the club in the association of the host country.

  11. Written consent issued by the parents of the minor player granting his authorization for the player to be registered with a club in the association of the host country.

  1. This documentation is required only in the case of registration of a professional player. If this is the case, the contract provided must contain all the essential elements (including starting date, remuneration, signatures, etc.) as well as its annexes.

  2. The birth proof must contain the player's date of birth and affiliation.

  3. Either official identification or passport.

  4. Copy of the decision made by the competent national authority granting the player refugee or "protected person" status or, alternatively, an official confirmation issued by the competent national authority confirming that the minor player has been accepted to initiate the procedure for obtaining the right of asylum, as well as a copy of the temporary residence permit in the host country.

  5. Copy of the decision made by the competent national authority regarding the current legal custody of the minor player.

  6. Written consent issued by the person who has custody of the minor player granting his permission to register the player in the association club of the host country.

  7. Declaration regarding the whereabouts and current situation of the player's biological parents provided by the minor player, the host country association or any other competent body.

  8. Declaration issued by the football association of the player's host country indicating whether the club in which the player wishes to be registered is professional or merely amateur (club without a professional team and without legal, de facto and / or economic relationship with a club professional).

  9. Declaration by the minor player indicating if he has ever been registered in his country of origin (or any other country) and, if so, if he was registered as an amateur or professional (this documentation is required only in the case of an international transfer ).

© 2019 Association of Experts on soccer rights

Mail: derechosdelfutbol@gmail.com

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